lecture power point questions
Ques: 1. How do you rebuild after such destruction?
Ques: 2. What kind of reservoir host and vector?
Ans: 1. The national government has responsible for planning to rebuild after large scale disaster like Tsunami, and it will take quite long time, however, it should divide urgent action plan, 1-5 year action plan and decade action plan, may be. Obviously, those kind of disaster has gigantic amount of destruction and take time to restore normal situation. Among them, urgent action or short term action plan is the most important because this action plan could save our community from devastating infectious diseases. During this time, the government, focus on vector control, diseases control, disaster risk reduction and safe food and water supply. This plan aim 1) to prevent food and water-borne diseases by vectors, 2) to prevent water-borne diseases by using prevention methods, e.g boiling, chlorination, 3) to reduce incidence and prevalence of infectious diseases, 4) to back up economy, livelihoods and infrastructure. In real situation, government cannot stand alone and coorporation of international NGOs, local NGOs, stakeholders from different sectors, local community and each and every sector from government is substantial. Moreover, for each individual in the community should know how to deal with the aftermath of Tsunami. They need to know how to check food and water supply in safe ways, how to collect information about injured peoples, visible damages and any potential thread such as electrocution, gas, sewage leakage, etc.,
Ans 2: Without disaster, Vector-borne diseases account for more than 17% of all infectious diseases, causing more than 700 000 deaths annually (According WHO data). Link with Answer No 1, we, government focus on infrastructure and communicable disease control, On the other hand, the vectors, parasites, viruses, bacteria, etc., are doing their work to harm enormous amount of people at the same time. This is another story of after disaster happened. Flood, contamination of drinking water, community stay in camp and become crowded, that will lead to vector borne diseases within short period of time and outbreak either. Natural disasters, particularly rapid-onset disasters, pose various risks to public health, including emerging and reemerging infectious diseases. Many people are risk of diarrhea, dengue, malaria, filariasis, Chikungunya, leishmaniasis, JBE etc.,
Human (community especially, under 5 children, malnourished children, elder people and immunosuppressant patients), animals and environment can all be reservoirs for microorganisms. The common vectors are mosquitoes, ticks, flies, bugs, fleas and lice.